MORPHOLOGY

A. Introduction To Morphology
Morphology is the branch of linguistics and one of the major components of grammar that studies word structure, especially in terms of morphemes. There is a basic distinction in language studies between morphology and syntax. Morphology is primarily concerned with the internal structures of words, while syntax is primarily concerned with the way in which words are out together in sentences.
The term ‘morphology’ has been taken over from biology where it is used to denote the study of the form of plants and animals. It was first used for linguistics purposes in 1859 by the German linguist, August Schleicher, to refer to the study of the form of words. In present-day linguistics, the term morphology refers to the study of the internal structure of words, and the systematic form-meaning correspondences between words.
Morphology is an essential subfield of linguistics. Generally, it aims to describe the structure of words and patterns of word formation in a language. Specifically, it aims to:
1. Pin down the principles for relating the form and meaning of morphological expressions.
2. Explain how the morphological units are integrated and the resulting formations interpreted.
3. Show how morphological units are organized in the lexicon in terms of affinity and contrast.
The study of morphology uncovers the lexical resources of the language, helps speaker to acquire the skills of using them creatively and consequently express their thoughts and emotions with eloquence.
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